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Spirits & Prophets of Islam

The spirit Iblis is a Jinn, which are “mischievous” spirits of earth who reside in a universe parallel to the human world while maintaining the ability to interact in both realms [1]. The Jinn are mortal and powerful [2] spirits whose purpose is to tempt and possess (majnun) humans [3] by creating illusions (ghurur) that familiarize mankind with “the eternal fire” of hell [4]. The Jinn in their natural state are too horrific for mankind to see, they are highly intelligent, they can assume almost any form, and they can do almost anything [5]. There are many different kinds of Jinn: there are those which take on the appearance of the snake; those which fly – the winged Jinn; Jinn that are giants; insect-like Jinn; Jinn that inhabit dead bodies (zombies); and, Jinn that take on human form and, in-so-doing, have the capability of converting to Islam [6]. The Jinn live far longer than humans and the only way they can be detected is through their evil actions – deeds too atrocious for un-possessed humans to enact [7].

The Jinn are ruled by the one true God [8] who created them more than 25,000 years ago [9]. The Jinn were created from the “searing desert wind” – called Simoon[10] and are subject to the same universal laws of Islam that mankind must adhere to; the Jinn are also sent prophets bearing God’s message [11]. However, 25,000 years ago the Jinn began to disobey God because they believed themselves to be self-righteous. For that reason, God sent his Angels to destroy them [12].

It was during this battle that Iblis was recognized from amongst the Jinn by God as “a worthy pupil.” Iblis was brought to heaven by God where he was instructed by the Angels, and, in turn, as he matured Iblis began preaching to the Angels. But, when God created Adam, Iblis refused to pay homage; and, therefore, God condemned Iblis to hell; however, God also granted Iblis “a stay of execution” until the final day of judgement.

Islamic depiction of Iblis, Satan, from the 14th century manuscript ‘Kitab al-Bulhan’ (Book of Wonders) by Abul Hasan Al-Isfahani.

At this time the Jinn regrouped on an island in the “Southern Ocean” and formed their own ‘nation’. Iblis left Heaven and rejoined them as their “king;” he had a second name: Azazil. Iblis's final day of reckoning will come, but until that day comes he reigns as king of the Satans ("shaytans”) who tempt mankind on earth [13].Although he is evil, Iblis is not the Lord of Evil; and, although fallen from Heaven, he is not a fallen Angel. Rather, Iblis is a "Satan" [14].


Spirits & Prophets of Islam

Gabriel
Adam
Noah
Abraham
Ishmael
David
Jesus
Muhammad

References:

Iblis
[1]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 24 October 2002.
[2]Jan Knappert, Islamic Legends: Histories of the Heroes, Saints and Prophets of Islam (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1985), 31-3.
[3]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[4]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[5]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[6]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[7]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[8]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 24 October 2002.
[9]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[10]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[11]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 24 October 2002.
[12]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[13]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 31-3.
[14]Muhammad Zafrulla Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 270.
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Gabriel
[1]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 24 October 2002.
[2]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 38.
[3]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 24 October 2002.
[4]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 188.
[5]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 15.
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Adam
[1]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 35.
[2]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 35.
[3]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 36.
[4]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 37-8.
[5]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 38.
[6]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 39.
[7]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 39-40.
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Noah
[1]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 41.
[2]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 43.
[3]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 43-4.
[4]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 41.
[5]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 208.
[6]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 42.
[7]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 44.
[8]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 208-9.
[9]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 44.
[10]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 44.
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Abraham
[1]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 73.
[2]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 72.
[3]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 74.
[4]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 41.
[5]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 74.
[6]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 75.
[7]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 75.
[8]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 76.
[9]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 77.
[10]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 78.
[11]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 212.
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Ishmael
[1]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 293.
[2]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 445.
[3]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 78.
[4]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 445.
[5]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 79.
[6]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 81.
[7]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 241.
[8]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 241.
[9]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 80.
[10]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 78.
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David
[1]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 121.
[2]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 421.
[3]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 122.
[4]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 123.
[5]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 251.
[6]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 269.
[7]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 125.
[8]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 129.
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Jesus
[1]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 172.
[2]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 173.
[3]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 53.
[4]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 176.
[5]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 178.
[6]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 178.
[7]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 96.
[8]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 178.
[9]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 96.
[10]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 96.
[11]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 178.
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Muhammad
[1]Khan (tr), The Koran (New York: Praeger, 1970), 415.
[2]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 3 October 2002.
[3]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 11.
[4]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 13.
[5]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 10 October 2002.
[6]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 15.
[7]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 3 October 2002.
[8]Khaled Shahin, kalshahin@hotmail.com, "Re: hey," 14 November 2002, personal email to Ryan Nast, ryannast@hotmail.com, (14 November 2002).
[9]Dr. Andrew Rippin, UVIC History 455 Lecture, 10 October 2002.
[10]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 15.
[11]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 15.
[12]Knappert, Islamic Legends, 239.
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Bibliography:

Works Cited
1) Khan, Muhammad Zafrulla (tr). The Koran. New York: Praeger, 1970.

2) Knappert, Jan. Islamic Legends: Histories of the Heroes, Saints and Prophets of Islam.           Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1985.

Works Consulted
1) Cook, Michael. Muhammad. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

 

 

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